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Professor Murphy, Dr Holmes, 2021, The Eating and Drinking Well with Dementia Toolkit, Bournemouth University,…
Michelle Howarth, Alison Brettle, Michael Hardman , Michelle Maden, 2020, What is the evidence for the impact of gardens and gardening on health and well-being: a scoping review and evidence-based logic model to guide healthcare strategy decision making on the use of gardening approaches as a social prescription, BMJ Open,
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Nina Morris, 2010, Cultivating Urban Greenspace, Report on symposium, University of Edinburgh
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Prof Les Firbank, Carbon in the garden,, Internet
R Jepson PhD, F Thackeray, 2010, Exploring the health effects of horticulture , Word File
R Jepson PhD, F Thackeray, Research & Evidence Working Group, Word file by Trellis,
R Jepson PhD, F Thackeray, 2008, Research & Evidence Event, Trellis,
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R Jepson, R Robertson, L Doi, 2010, Audit of exercise referral scheme activity in Scotland, University of Scotland, NHS Health Scotland
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R Whear, R Garside, 2014, Gardens crucial for dementia, University of Exeter
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Roger S Ulrich, 2002, Health Benefits of Gardens in Hospitals,, Texas A & M University
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2011, Understanding the mechanism of physical activity…, Elsevier
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Latest Research

  • What is the evidence for the impact of gardens and gardening on health and well-being: a scoping review and evidence-based logic model to guide healthcare strategy decision making on the use of gardening approaches as a social prescription

    Michelle Howarth, Alison Brettle, Michael Hardman , Michelle Maden
    BMJ Open


    Abstract Objective To systematically identify and describe studies that have evaluated the impact of gardens and gardening on health and well-being. A secondary objective was to use this evidence to build evidence-based logic models to guide health strategy decision making about gardens and gardening as a non-medical, social prescription. Design Scoping review of the impact of gardens and gardening on health and well-being. Gardens include private spaces and those open to the public or part of hospitals, care homes, hospices or third sector organisations. Data sources A range of biomedical and health management journals was searched including Medline, CINAHL, Psychinfo, Web of Knowledge, ASSIA, Cochrane, Joanna Briggs, Greenfile, Environment Complete and a number of indicative websites were searched to locate context-specific data and grey literature. We searched from 1990 to November 2019. Eligibility criteria We included research studies (including systematic reviews) that assessed the effect, value or impact of any garden that met the gardening definition. Data extraction and synthesis Three reviewers jointly screened 50 records by titles and abstracts to ensure calibration. Each record title was screened independently by 2 out of 3 members of the project team and each abstract was screened by 1 member of a team of 3. Random checks on abstract and full-text screening were conducted by a fourth member of the team and any discrepancies were resolved through double-checking and discussion. Results From the 8896 papers located, a total of 77* studies was included. Over 35 validated health, well-being and functional biometric outcome measures were reported. Interventions ranged from viewing gardens, taking part in gardening or undertaking therapeutic activities. The findings demonstrated links between gardens and improved mental well-being, increased physical activity and a reduction in social isolation enabling the development of 2 logic models. Conclusions Gardens and gardening can improve the health and well-being for people with a range of health and social needs. The benefits of gardens and gardening could be used as a ‘social prescription’ globally, for people with long-term conditions (LTCs). Our logic models provide an evidence-based illustration that can guide health strategy decision making about the referral of people with LTCs to socially prescribed, non-medical interventions involving gardens and gardening.

  • The Social and Economic Costs

  • Understanding the mechanism of physical activity…

  • Benefits of a gardening project for people with dementia in nursing homes

    McClellan J
    Nursing Times [online]


    Gardening and garden-related activities can be a fun way of getting nursing home residents more physically active and engaged. For residents with dementia, they can provide opportunities to be involved, express themselves and interact with others. Gardening can also be a way of getting all members of the nursing home community involved in a common project. This article describes a gardening project undertaken at two nursing homes in Scotland, where it was found to have numerous benefits for all involved.

    Jeanette McClellan is a retired nurse helping to deliver on the Standards of Care for Dementia in Scotland in residential care settings.